This tonic hydrates via a unique process designed to balance the liquid content of skin cells with the lipids that surround them; and in so doing it provides necessary support for the stratum corneum to be self sufficient.
The stratum corneum contains multiple layers of flattened cells (corneocytes), encased in a thick coating of fat or lipids. Arranged into pairs of sheets (lamellar membranes), these lamellar lipid bi-layers fill spaces between the cells, providing a formidable barrier to the outflow of water from skin (transepidermal water loss).
Most water-based moisturizers/hydrators seep into the lamellar layers of the SC, leaching water from skin cells—potentially why conventional mists or toners can leave skin more dehydrated. Our biomimetic design has produced a one-of-a-kind tonic, composed of humectants with distinctive similarity to the skin’s lamellar structure. Since maintaining lamellar membrane integrity also protects the con- tents of the skin cells, the tonic not only promotes liquid/lipid balances, it also restores and improves overall barrier function.
Unique blend of humectants truly hydrate by maintaining moisture levels within the cellular/lamellar structures.
Imperative to prep top skin layers, allowing optimum permeation of nutrient-rich serums.
AHAs rebalance pH, pre/probiotics rebalance skin microbiome.
BETA GLUCAN excellent polysaccharide humectant that penetrates into the deeper lamellar structures of the SC.
d-PANTHENOL Pro-vitamin B5 promotes wound healing, helps restore damaged epithelium, reduces in ammation, improves skin hydration, reduces transepidermal water loss, improves skin roughness.
SODIUM HYALURONATE disaccharide occurring naturally in skin, a major component of the dermis, maintaining its moisture and elas- ticity. Holds up to 1000 x its weight in water, powerful humectant.
LICORICE ROOT Anti-inflammatory botanical, skin-lightening properties.
SELENIUM Works with vitamin E to safeguard cell membranes by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. Used to control Malassezia globose, a species of fungus that causes Tinea versicolor and hypopigmentation.
Green tea (Camellia Sinensis Leaf) Extract, Beta glucan, d-panthenol, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, elderberry phytocide (Sambucus Nigra) Fruit Extract, licorice root (Glycyrrhiza Glabra) extract, Pre/probiotic complex, Selenium, Curcumin CO2 (Curcuma Longa), apple cider vinegar (Acetic Acid), sodium hyaluronate, Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus) Fruit Extract
Fragrance + Essential Oil free
Shake well. Saturate cotton pad and swipe over entire neck and face, avoiding eye contour area. If irritation occurs, discontinue use and consult physician. Keep in a cool, dry place, out of direct light. Use within 6 months of opening.